In the last years of the Soviet Union, Gorbachov instituted a movement called Glasnost or “Openness”. Glasnost exposed the moral and organizational corruption of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics as a national socialism based on oppression.
An effective independence movement, and alliance of “people’s Fronts” in the Western Baltic States of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia organized a series of demonstrations seeking to overthrow the Molotov-Ribbetrop Pact that had seen these three countries lose their independence during the Second World War. Their campaign is known as the “singing revolution” because of the many songs and cultural events that the campaigners used to demand independence.
Today, on the fiftieth anniversary of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, the People’s Fronts of all three Baltic countries held a huge demonstration of unity – the “Baltic Way”. Over two million people held hands forming a 600 km long human “chain” from Tallinn through Riga to Vilnius.
Within the year, Lithuania and Latvia declared their independence from the Soviet Union and Estonia followed in 1991.
– Posted by Douglas Racionzer ( serendipiday.blogspot.com )